COMPOSITION OF GRAM PANCHAYATS
A Gram Panchayat Consists of members ranging from 5 to 21 depending upon its population. The members and the sarpanch are directly elected by the voters of the village. The members are elected for a term of five years. Elections to gram Panchayats are conducted by the Andhra Pradesh State Election Commission for local bodies. The last elections to Gram Panchayts were conducted in June, 1995. the elections to Gram Panchayats are not on political party basis. There is reservation by rotation to scheduled tribes, Scheduled Castes, backward classes and women.
The reservation to scheduled castes and Scheduled Tribes is in proportion to their population. Whereas, reservation to backward classes is 34% and for women it is one-
There are two types of Gram Panchayats viz. , notified Gram Panchayat (Major Gram Panchayats) and Non-
As per existing rules, a Gram Panchayat where an Executive Officer is appointed is called a Major Panchayat. Whereas, a Gram Panchayat which has been not notified for appointment of an executive officer is called a non-
As per the existing rules a Gram Panchayat with income of Rs. 40, 000 per year and more can be notified as Grade. II Notified Panchayat and an Executive officer Grade. II is appointed. Whereas, a Gram Panchayat with an income of Rs. 60, 000 per year and above can be notified as Grade I notified Gram Panchayats, and an Executive Officer Grade I is appointed. However, these Gram Panchayats which have either full time or part time staff.
Further, the full time employees of the Gram Panchayats are provincialised and the Government is meeting the expenditure on their salaries and the salary grant is being regularly released by the Government.